bq2407x Li-Ion Battery Chargers

bq2407x Li-Ion Battery Chargers

Texas Instruments' bq2407x is a family of integrated Li-Ion battery linear chargers with system power path management functionality targeted at space-constrained portable applications. The devices operate from either a USB port or an AC adapter and support charge currents up to 1.5 A. The input voltage range with input overvoltage protection supports unregulated adapters. The USB input current limit accuracy and start up sequence allow the bq2407x to meet USB-IF inrush current specifications. Additionally, the input dynamic power management (VIN-DPM) prevents system crashes because of incorrectly configured USB sources and maximizes the power available from the adapter.

The bq2407x features dynamic power path management (DPPM) that powers the system while simultaneously and independently charging the battery. The DPPM circuit reduces the charge current when the input current limit causes the system output to fall to the DPPM threshold; thus, supplying the system load at all times while monitoring the charge current separately. This feature reduces the number of charge and discharge cycles on the battery, allows for proper charge termination, and enables the system to run with a defective or absent battery pack.

Additionally, the regulated system input enables instant system turn-on when plugged in even with a totally discharged battery. The power-path management architecture also lets the battery supplement the system current requirements when the adapter cannot deliver the peak system currents, thus enabling the use of a smaller adapter.

The battery is charged in three phases: conditioning, constant current, and constant voltage. In all charge phases, an internal control loop monitors the IC junction temperature and reduces the charge current if the internal temperature threshold is exceeded. The charger power stage and charge current sense functions are fully integrated. The charger function has high accuracy current and voltage regulation loops, charge status display, and charge termination. The input current limit and charge current are programmable using external resistors.

  • Fully compliant USB charger
    • Selectable 100 mA and 500 mA maximum input current
    • 100 mA maximum current limit ensures compliance to USB-IF standard
    • Input-based dynamic power management (VIN-DPM) for protection against poor USB sources
  • 28 V input rating with overvoltage protection
  • Integrated dynamic power path management (DPPM) function simultaneously and independently powers the system and charges the battery
  • Supports up to 1.5 A charge current with current monitoring output (ISET)
  • Programmable input current limit up to 1.5 A for wall adapters
  • System output tracks battery voltage (bq24072, bq24076, and bq24076)
  • Battery disconnect function with SYSOFF input (bq24075, bq24076, bq24078, and bq24079)
  • Programmable termination current (bq24074)
  • Programmable pre-charge and fast-charge safety timers
  • Reverse current, short-circuit, and thermal protection
  • NTC thermistor input
  • Proprietary start-up sequence limits inrush current
  • Battery charge voltage, VBAT:
    • bq24076 - 4.4 V (typ.)
    • bq24078 - 4.35 V (typ.)
  • Status indication - charging/done, power good
  • Smartphones
  • Portable media players
  • Portable navigation devices
  • Low-power handheld devices
  • Portable gaming
  • Headsets
  • Wearables
  • Home automation
  • Portable medical